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In July of this year, top constitutional experts from around the globe gathered in Kiev to discuss Ukraine’s semi-presidential system of governance. The workshop also delved into the constitutional challenges the current system of governance in the country is facing. Major think tanks and intergovernmental organizations in the country converged to host the event. They include the Center of Policy and Legal Reform, intergovernmental organizations from around the world involved in supporting sustainable democracy, and the International Institute for Democracy and Electorate Assistance.

Workshop Attendees

In attendance was Sujit Choudhry who highlighted the importance of the current crop of constitutional leaders to support the constitutional reform process by collecting and discussing policy-based options. He cited this given the current wave of involving transitional democracies in constitutional decision-making processes. Sujit Choudhry is the director of the Center for Constitutional Transitions, which is mandated to generate and mobilize knowledge in support of constitution building. Other attendees of the workshop include notable people such as Vladimir Vasilenko (human rights representative in Ukraine), Viktor Musiaka (Supreme Court president), Sergyi Holovatyi (Ukraine’s constitutional commission member), among others.

About Sujit Choudhry

Sujit Choudhry is an expert and advisor on areas revolving around constitutions, and constitution making. He is a global authority on matters comparative constitutional law and politics. He has been working as a constitutional advisor for more than two decades, and has covered contexts such as conditions of political violence and ceasefires. Through his work, he has brought together different factions responsible for making the constitution making process a success such as civil society groups, and technical experts. For his published work, check indiawest.com.

Sujit Choudhry has worked in countries such as Yemen, Tunisia, Ukraine, South Africa, Nepal, and Libya, among others. In all these countries, he has been responsible for facilitating public dialogue sessions, training civil servants and bureaucrats, performing detailed advisory work, and leading stakeholder consultations, among others.  To read more related article, refer to this.

Work Experience

In addition to working at the Center for Constitutional Transitions, according to blogs.law.nyu.edu, Sujit Choudhry is also a professor of law at the University of California, University of Toronto, and New York University. He also serves as the Scholl chair at the University of Toronto Faculty of law, and has also worked with the Supreme Court of Canada as a law clerk.  read more about his outstanding achievements, hit law.nyu.edu.

Read his blogs visit www.facebook.com/SujitChoudhryLaw

As the founder and director of the Center for Constitutional Transitions, Sujit Choudhry is used to examining constitutional challenges. One of his latest efforts to do so took place on July 10, 2017 when he joined other internationally recognized constitutional experts at a meeting in Kiev, Ukraine. The discussion centered around how the Ukraine government is organized, as a semi-presidential system.

As many are aware, democratic efforts in Ukraine have been challenging. The main problem, as Sujit Choudhry and other constitutional scholars see, is that the country’s constitution invests far too much power in the presidency. Other issues in Ukraine are that the legislature electoral system is deficient and the country has relatively weak political parties among other issues.

One thing that Sujit Choudhry thinks is very important is further research into constitutional issues. He has said that it is extremely important that the constitutional thought leaders around the world use their knowledge to develop policy based options that decision-makers can use when developing or modifying a constitution. He has said that he and others like him need to develop fact-based information about constitutions so that policymakers have the best available information upon which to build their decisions.  Read more of his point of views in his blogs, visit his linkedin.com page.

Sujit Choudhry is a scholar who has made comparative constitutional law the centerpiece of his career. He has taught this subject at universities in both the United States and Canada. Choudhry currently teaches at the School of Law located on the Berkeley campus of the University of California. He is an internationally recognized expert on this subject and has also written several textbooks that are used in universities across the United States and beyond.  Check this on indiawest.com.

Beyond his role as a scholar, Sujit Choudhry has lent his knowledge to those in many nations around the world who are building a new constitution.  According to blogs.law.nyu.edu, among the many countries he has served as an advisor to are Yemen, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Egypt, Libya, and Jordan among others. He has also served as a lecturer and public speaker about comparative constitutional law, having done so in more than 24 countries.  Refer to this for a related article.

To learn more of his impressive achievements, visit http://www.law.nyu.edu/news/choudhry_award

Sujit Choudhry

This article tells us that Sujit Choudhry is a person who has a great love of thelaw. He is one of a team of experts, who was in the Ukraine on July 10th to talk withother experts about constitutional challenges that the country is facing. He has become a notable presence and worked with other dignitaries after telling them that the democratization in the Ukraine is not stable. He pointed out to them that there were items that contributed to this. Among them were the concentration of the presidency power, the legislature electoral system and the weak political parties . All of these led to the instability. Thus these policy practitioners and leading scholars have much experience in the field. They are the people who share ideas about different countries constitutions and they share. ideas and they try to solve many of the constitutional and security and democratic hurdles which face many countries.  Read his answers to questions in this article on iconnectblog.com.

Sujit Choudhry, born in India in 1970 attended Oxford University where he obtained his law degrees from Ontario, Oxford and Toronto. He became a dean at the University of California Berkeley. Sujit Choudhry has a love of the law and his expertise is shown in his ability to be able to see any problems with other countries constitutions.  His many accolades include many honors he has received over the years He has written and had published over ninety articles,book chapters and working papers.  Check indiawest.com.  He served as an advisor during ceasefires and conditions where political conditions existed.  Read and follow his tweets, visit his twitter.com page.

A note-worthy article here.

Sujit Choudhry has done a great deal of research. This research address not only comparative constitutional law and politics, but also constitutional design. He proposes to use it a a tool in order to have a government transition from violent conflict to using peaceful democratic politics. He tries to help countries go from using an authoritarian rule to embracing the democratic rule.  Hop over to works.bepress.com to read additional article.

Read blogs visit www.facebook.com/SujitChoudhryLaw

One of the most adverse effects of the traditional economy versus one that is based more and more on online and digital formats is the phenomenon of showrooming. Showrooming by definition is when consumers find an item that they would like to purchase on online formats, but when they would like to experience the product before buying, they flock to traditional brick and mortar stores. The problem for the traditional formats is that these people then purchase the products elsewhere. Most commonly, they return to the much cheaper online format to acquire the desired product like Amazon.


Showrooming has experienced only moderate effective push back from the traditional business entities for many reasons, but often because these store do not have an appropriate response for something so overwhelming and unpredictable to traditional business like the internet has become. One of the most significant drivers that sends these customers into this type of shopping is that today’s customers value an experience with the product much more than traditional customers, but with the lack of the need to purchase products right away. Traditional companies have to maintain the same overhead without reaping the benefits of the traffic in their stores.


One of the most adversely affected sectors is the fashion industry. However, there are many other forces at play in the fashion industry beyond showrooming including that consumers are simply changing from the traditional consumer model. In spite of the current trend, some companies are innovating the fashion industry, not only by the innovations themselves, but they are embracing the current business condition by reversing the showroom trend in their favor. They are also cross branding like the latest iteration of this current trend athleisure. This combination was spawned when women found flaws in wearing their active wear for everyday activities.


The sportswear did not transition well into daily activities of the active people that often include a workout as a part of their daily activities. In response, brands like Kate Hudson’s Fabletics were born, but instead of using the flawed and troubled traditional brick and mortar approach, Fabletics was founded as the original athleisure space and instead of an online or traditional only model, Fabletics utilized a combination model of business that combined the best marketing techniques of both traditional and online marketing. They even have a lifestyle quiz that allows its subscribers derived from a subscription based sales technique to pre-determine which Fabletics gear suits them best.

Black Friday week is still going strong! Shop the sale in stores and online. (Link in bio)

A photo posted by @fabletics on

The standoff between Spain and Catalonia has been going on for a while now. Sujit Choudhry and other constitutional lawyers wrote an open letter to the two governments to encourage dialogue and prevent the looming crisis. In the letter, they ask the Catalonian president to show his people’s commitment to secession from Spain by organizing a referendum. They believe that this is the only way the Spanish government can even consider the plea of the people from Catalonia. The scholars further state that it is in everyone’s best interest for a peaceful solution to be found as soon as possible. They applauded the President’s decision to postpone the declaration of independence to give time for more talks.

Sujit Choudhry and his team also note that not everyone in Catalonia is for the secession plans and they believe that this minority opinion should also be considered. They condemned the manner in which Spain’s government used force to prevent the people of Catalonia from expressing their views in the first referendum attempt by Catalonia. They state that this was a violation of human rights for the people of Catalonia. Sujit Choudhry also says that if things are left to continue the way they are right now, then the existing crisis between the two will take a turn for the worst. The scholars state that the people of Catalonia should be heard and this can only be done through a referendum.  Additional article on indiawest.com.

According to blogs.law.nyu.edu, Sujit Choudhry is a Professor of Law at the University of California and also a founding director of the Center of Constitutional Transitions. He has vast experience in Constitutional Law and has advised several countries while building their constitutions. He is also part of the United Nations Mediation roster which has helped in finding solutions to so many conflicts in the past.

For updates on his recent timeline activities, head over to this.

The Center for Constitutional Transitions, where Sujit is a director, gathers knowledge to support constitutional building by networking experts to carry out research projects. The organization has worked with over 50 experts and 25 nations in the process of building the law. His experience includes public dialogue sessions with civil societies and other stakeholders giving him the knowledge to speak about the Catalonia Spain stand-off.  Check on sujitchoudhry.com to read more about his advisory works.

Read blogs on  https://www.linkedin.com/in/sujit-choudhry-738656100

Foreign exchange market, commonly referred as forex, is the biggest financial and the fastest growing market. In Forex markets, people trade government-issued currencies from across the globe. If a trader wants to change his or her dollars to pounds, he or she should engage in forex trade. Apart from exchanging money from one currency to another, forex enables speculative traders to buy a given currency, hold it and sell it when its value goes up. This way, traders are able to earn profits.

According to Netpicks, before investors can initiate trades, they pay two currencies. For examples, one can pay US dollars with Japanese Yen, commonly denoted as USD/JPY. Such pairings gives the amount of the second currency that one can exchange for one units of the first currency. Since the process is demand-based, the values of the currencies change as traders transact. Principally, a strong demand for a currency will see its value rise. A low demand occasions the value to fall.

Speculative traders know about the importance of value of the currency. A speculative seller will make a trade when he or she believes that the value of the currency is more than its actual value. On the other hand, a speculative buyer will buy a currency when it is cheap, especially when its market value is lower than its actual value. During buying and selling, the difference in values results in profit or loss. Related article to read here

Netpicks posts that one of the benefits of forex trading is the low initial investment needed. With just a few hundred dollars, one can begin trading. Secondly, Forex is a 24/7 market. One can trade whenever he or she is free. This means that an investor can use his part time to trade and increase his or her income. Secondly, with its real-time feature, a trader can make profits in as less as one minute of investing.   More trading tips here.

About Netpicks Trading Strategies

Netpicks Trading Strategies is an American company that is dedicated to providing trading education to amateur and seasoned traders. Netpicks’ training covers futures, forex, signals, stocks and swing trading. The noble corporation is headquartered in Irvin, Texas. For updates on their recent timeline activities, click on this useful link.

Netpicks, which is an eleven-year-old company, helps regular traders to turn their investments into a stable source of income. It boasts of a highly qualified team of trainers. Each of the trainers has over 25 years of experience in his or her respective field.  Connect now, hit on netpicks.mykajabi.com.

Read an important review on Netpicks, check on dailyforex.com.

Learning Our Lessons From Sujit Choudhry

We know the voice and its message.  Men like Sujit Choudhry are that voice “in the wilderness” who scream out.  They speak to us from afar.

Had we been close to Sujit’s voice, we would already understand. The world is changing fast. What society had 10 years ago, we no longer have claim on. This is both a great and tragic concept to grasp. People fight for their claim to live peacefully, so the world we have today is part of their past effort.   For update on this recent tmeline activities, click this useful link.

The dynamic between contented nations and those in transition is great. To know this challenge is to know the message of Sujit Choudhry. It is the message that he screams out to us. We as individuals benefit when we take heed to the trials of humanity. There’s a great deal to learn through Sujit Choudhry, and it’s best we open our ears now. To read more about the professor, check on blogs.law.nyu.edu.

Why Transition Does Matter

Transition is not limited oppressed nations and their struggles.  Even in ideal states, the need for progress is an urgent need. The successful empires on this planet aren’t perfect. They have a long haul to go and must continue to practice the stages of transition. When this happens, we have a clear picture of why our work together truly matters.

Our existence teaches us that there’s a never ending potential for sudden failure. These obstacles can be solved, but we need the presence of legal transition to do it with. Without using the tools of transition, even great nations will fall. They will go into disarray if without a method to solve oppositions against liberty, freedom and equality.  For more of the professor’s view on politically related issues, hit on iconnectblog.com.

The Unstoppable Power Of World Transition

Transition is an unstoppable force because of its role in world order. Society will receive nothing that it does not fight for. All powers are in the hands of the people as a result. For every breathing person alive, there is power to move nations and power to improve society with.  Sujit Choudhry knows it well and wants you to also have his understanding. More related article on constitutionaltransitions.org.

Read more about his advisory works on http://sujitchoudhry.com/advisory-work/

Recently, the region in Spain known as Catalonia had a vote for their independence from the country. Several scholars specializing in constitutional law authored a letter to the governments of Catalonia and Spain expressing the desire to see some sort of agreement as opposed to the gridlock that has taken place. There is a real curiosity concerning how committed President Puigdemont is to secession, and what his plans are. Regardless, many of the Catalan people seem to want the secession. Of the academics that authored the letter include constitutional law expert Sujit Choudhry.

Sujit Choudhry is a world renown advisor and expert on constitutional law. His vast knowledge on the subject is prodigious. He has degrees from prestigious colleges such as Harvard, Oxford, and the University of Toronto, as well as having an impressive work history.   Additional article on works.bepress.com.  Sujit Choudhry served as a co-founder for the Center of Constitutional Transitions, an institution that creates and facilitates information in support of constitution building by gathering and directing global organizations of professionals to create policy options based on hard evidence for various types of organizations.  Related reading here.

Sujit Choudhry also holds distinguished honors such as the Michael Heyman Professor of Law. Before that he was the Cecilia Goetz Professor of Law, and the Scholll Chair at Toronto University. A world-wide expert on constitutional law and politics, Choudhry has also been a constitutional advisor for 20 years now. With almost 100 articles published, Choudhry has also authored several books within his fields of expertise. More of this on constitutionaltransitions.org.

Visit his social media page on twitter.com to keep up-to-date with his latest tweets.

Sujit Choudhry has provided consultation to such organizations as the United Nations as well as the World Bank Institute. Choudhry’s peers acknowledge him as a respected authority in his field, he has travelled to several countries giving conferences on various issues such as decentralization, federalism, secession, the rights of minorities and other protected groups, and more. If you’re interested in learning more about Mr. Choudhry, visit his website, click sujitchoudhry.com.

Read more about his work here http://www.indiawest.com/news/global_indian/u-c-berkeley-law-professor-sujit-choudhry-co-edits-new/article_163b28d6-e9a6-11e6-a1f5-f7dfdfa8c09d.html

Prior to 1857, anyone in the United States who declared themselves to be an architect was one. Despite many great examples of high American architecture prior to that date, there were still no binding rules or tests of admission for someone to become an architect. Anyone, no matter their level of training, knowledge or expertise, had equal claim to anyone else as far as calling themselves an architect was concerned.

This state of affairs was untenable for a profession that aspired to high achievement and import. As a result, in 1857, New York’s most prominent architects combined their efforts and formed the American Institution of Architects, a professional organization that had as its mission the furtherance of the architectural trades through the maintenance of high standards, ethics and excellence of craft.

These efforts proved to be a pivotal action as American cities began a period of unprecedented expansion over the following decades. With the advent of the first true skyscraper in 1884, American architecture entered a boom period that arguably hasn’t abated up to the present. By 1908, the Singer Building in New York City topped out at 47 stories and 612 feet in stature, making it the world’s tallest building, albeit briefly. Only 25 years before, the tallest building had been just a tiny fraction of that height.

The skyscraper marked the beginning of a new paradigm of urban living. And the styles in which these monuments of steel and chrome towered towards the sky were uniquely American in character. It is almost hard to overstate the importance that the establishment of the American Institute of Architects played in all of this. The public, many members of which had grown up in farmhouses and other rural settings, quickly learned to trust their lives to novelties like taking an elevator to the 30th floor. Without this level of public trust, largely instilled by the manifest professionalism required by the AIA of all its members, the great skyscrapers from Chicago to New York would have likely stood vacant. Instead, they became a linchpin in the American project, with the country becoming the dominant economic force on the planet throughout the 20th century.

Today, the AIA is run by renowned architect and historian Robert Ivy. His chairmanship is one that has been held by some of the greatest names in U.S. architectural history. Under his guidance, the organization is intent on designing a better future for all.

Lung cancer is multifactorial because both genetic and environmental factors predispose to the condition. One of the well-documented ecological predisposing factors is tobacco smoking. There is a study that demonstrates the role of smoking-gene interactions in cancer etiology.

The study identified three single-nucleotide polymorphisms which are responsible for developing diseases. Among the three SNPs, one was for squamous cell carcinoma and the rest coded for non-small cell cancer of the lungs. The polymorphs offer potential biomarkers for screening and intervention of the risk of lung cancer through the examination of smoking behavior. The SNPs are useful for individual-based treatment plan prediction and prognosis.

The study aims at including other populations other than the Caucasians only. With the availability of more genotype data, the interactions between genes and smoking behavior would be more evident in the study on lung cancer.

Eric Lefkofsky is among the most influential tech figures in Chicago. He is well-known to donate large sums of money towards cancer studies. Eric also advocates for smarter approaches to curing cancer. Eric is behind a health-tech startup known as Tempus that tries to modernize the treatment of tumors. Tempus’ work is to collect and analyze genomic data using proprietary algorithms and statistical analysis tools. The purpose of data analysis is to provide the healthcare personnel with personalized and precise therapy. The firm uses state-of-the-art technology to sequence and analyze genomic data.

Born in 1969, Eric Lefkofsky schooled at the University of Chicago and achieved a Juris Doctor from the University of Michigan Law School. He is an American businessman who co-founded Tempus, Lightbank, ECHO, and Groupon. Lightbank is a venture fund that invests in disruptive technologies.

Together with his wife, Eric started Lefkofsky Foundation which is a charitable organization to support educational, scientific, and philanthropic trusts and causes globally. So far, the foundation has funded over 50 charitable organizations. The corporation focuses on children. Through the foundation, Eric advances high-impact initiatives that aim at improving the lives of underserved people in the communities.

The Lefkofsky family joined The Giving Pledge in 2013 where they donate a lot of cash to philanthropy. Eric is a trustee of Steppenwolf Theatre Company and Lurie Children’s Hospital. He teaches on entrepreneurship and how to build technology-based companies at the University of Chicago.

Eric Lefkofsky says that there are untapped molecular databases in healthcare hence he tries to develop applications that target the health field. He prides in reducing the cost of sequencing and analyzing genomes through his company, Tempus. He aims to personalize therapies for patients.